KASB recently released the 2016 Employee Relations Survey Annual Report. This report includes the data reported by Kansas Public School Districts to the Kansas Association of School Boards related to Employee Relations from the 1995-96 school year through the 2015-16 school year.
The KASB Employee Relations Survey changed format beginning with the 2016-17 school year. This report presents the data in the new format, and utilizes data formerly collected via the Teacher Employee Relations, Teacher Contract Details, and Negotiations Surveys. Data is presented at the state level in this report, but is available by district, KASB Region, KSHSAA Class, KNEA Uniserv, and High School League at kasbresearch.org.
Here are some key findings from the report:
- Teachers at the bachelor’s level made up the majority until 2009-10, when teachers at the master’s level were reported at 49.7% compared to 48.8% with bachelor’s degrees. This switched back in 2015-16 based on the records received to date.
- Teachers with Specialist and Doctorate degrees consistently make up less than 2% of the teacher population.
- The statewide estimated number of teachers was between 35,000 and 40,000 from 1988-89 to 2013-14, when that number dropped to 33,000, possibly due to the survey response rate.
- Teachers with 11+ years’ experience make up between 37.8% (2013-14) and 47.6% (1998-99) of the teacher population, followed by teachers with 4-10 years’ experiences with between 28.6% (1998-99) and 36.3% (2011-12) of the population, then teachers with less than 4 years falling between 22.3% (2011-12) and 31.0% (2007-08).
- A total of between 16 and 49 supplemental contracts were eliminated annually statewide between 1995-96 and 2009-10.
- In 2010-11, an estimated 872 supplemental contracts were eliminated statewide, dropping to 290 the following year then remaining below 200 a year through 2015-16.
- In 2010-11, an estimated 937 teacher positions were eliminated. This dropped to 408 the following year, then down to less than 150 until 2014-15, when it increased to 281 and then to 388 in 2015-16.
- The largest numbers in 1995-96 came from teachers requesting release from their contracts at almost 400. This decreased to just over 100 by 2015-16. Teachers resigning equaled approximately 200 in 1995-96, increasing to close to 250 by 2015-16. Non-tenured, non-renewed teachers equaled just under 200 in 1995-96, decreasing to under 100 by 2015-16. Tenured non-renewed teachers have been between 0 and 70 the entire time, and terminated teachers have been less than 16 per year.
- Districts did not renew a total of 192 non-tenured teachers in 1996-97. This decreased to around 150 until 2002-03, when the number increased to 306. Numbers dropped to a low point of 68 in 2005-06 before jumping up to 413 in 2010-11, then decreasing to 90 or less from 2012-13 to 2015-16.
- Teachers in their first year make up the majority of non-tenured positions non-renewed from 1996-97 (55.2%) until 2010-11, when 2nd year teachers were the largest group (43.3%). After that, 1st year teachers were again the majority until 2014-15, when 3rd year teachers made up the largest group (44.2%), then the 1st years were once again the largest group in 2015-16 (51.3%).
- There is very little reporting of cases where teachers request a hearing before the board when non-renewed (tenured or non-tenured) or terminated.
- Hearings finding in favor of the board are reported much more often than those finding in favor of the teacher or resulting in court actions.
- There are more cases where teachers resign than where non-tenured teachers are non-renewed, followed by cases where non-tenured teachers are non-renewed, then cases where teachers (tenured or non-tenured) are terminated.
- Requests for release from contracts generally decreased from 2000-01 through 2010-11, then showed some spikes between then and 2015-16.
- Requests for release that were withdrawn are reported as a small percentage of all requests, with the exception of 2013-14.
- In most cases where a request for release was granted, a suitable replacement was found, in less than half of the cases damages were assessed, and in a very small percentage of cases no replacement was found and no damages were assessed.
- The number of cases where a request for release was denied increased between 1995-96 through 2001-02, then decreased through 2005-06 before spiking in 2008-09. After this time, the reporting for these cases has be very low.
- In the majority of cases reported, the teacher left anyway, with a much smaller percentage opting to stay.
- Boards appear to have become less likely to pursue certificate removal in cases where teachers left after a request was denied in more recent years.
- The number of cases where a teacher was non-renewed, terminated, or resigned and found work is higher than the number of cases where a teacher requested release from their contract, was denied, and left then found work.
In addition to the report, KASB released the following data resources, which allow users to drill down and filter by district, KASB Region, KSHSAA Class, KNEA Uniserv, High School League, and other factors:
- An Excel workbook containing data for all years
- An Interactive Tableau Tool with all available data